Sometimes patients come into the Sinus Center because they feel “blocked” or “congested” – unable to breathe through the nose. This sensation may be felt on just one side of the nose, or both, or sometimes alternating back and forth between both sides. There can be many different explanations for this condition—nasal obstruction—which is why it’s important to see an ear, nose, and throat doctor if you are experiencing these symptoms. Two common explanations for patients experiencing nasal obstruction are deviated septum and turbinate obstruction. Learn more about nasal obstruction.
Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis experience inflammation of the sinuses and the nose, and nasal obstruction with ongoing nasal drainage that can be thin or thick and often discolored, either from the front of the nose or from the back of the nose to the throat. Other symptoms include smell loss, headaches, facial pain and pressure, fatigue, and sometimes ear fullness.
Learn more about acute and chronic rhinosinusitis.
Patients with allergic rhinitis experience inflammation of the nose, specifically of the lining of the nose, not of the sinus cavities. Common symptoms of allergic rhinitis include congestion, sneezing, runny nose, nasal obstruction, and watery eyes. Learn more allergic rhinitis.
Losing your sense of smell or taste not only takes away from your enjoyment of life, it can also be dangerous. We rely on our sense of smell to warn us of fire, rotten food, natural gas leaks, and other harmful situations. Any longstanding case of smell or taste loss can be an indication of something more serious, and therefore should be evaluated by an ear, nose, and throat doctor. Learn more smell and taste loss.
“Polyp” is a descriptive term for a small growth of inflamed tissue in the lining of the nose or sinuses. They most commonly occur as a result of inflammation of the nose from chronic rhinosinusitis; however, in rare cases they are associated with a tumor. Because of this, patients diagnosed with a polyp should be seen by an ear, nose, and throat doctor. Learn more about tumors and polyps of the nose.
Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF) is the fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord. Usually it is contained in one area within the skull and down the spine, but sometimes a tiny hole can develop between the brain cavity and the sinuses and nasal cavity. This is considered a CSF leak. Learn more CSF leaks and skull base defects.
Epistaxis or “nosebleeds” are very common and can occur for a variety of reasons. The inside lining of the nose is very vascular and has a rich blood supply, with blood vessels located very close to the surface. The vascular membrane that lines the nose can split, breaking a blood vessel, and causing nasal bleeding to occur. Nosebleeds are especially common in the Northeast region due to the dry climate. Installing humidifiers in the house, especially during winter, can reduce the occurrence of nosebleeds. Learn more nosebleeds.
The septum is the bone and cartilage in the middle of your nose, dividing the left from the right. The front part of the septum is what you see between your nostrils, but the septum is actually very long and extends far back into the nose. Septal perforation is a hole in the septum that creates a communication between the right and left nasal cavities. Learn more about septal perforation.
Headaches and facial pain can occur for many different reasons, and in many cases, sinus problems are not the cause. An evaluation by an ear, nose, and throat doctor is needed to determine whether or not sinus problems are the underlying cause for headaches and facial pain. Learn more facial pain and headaches related to the sinus.