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Blepharitis

Blepharitis is a common inflammatory condition of the eyelids. It may be associated with an altered activity of the oil glands and skin surface bacteria.

The condition may cause debris and dandruff-like scales that form at the base of the eyelashes along the lid margin. In severe cases, it can involve the cornea and conjunctiva. Although blepharitis can start in childhood and continue throughout life as a chronic condition, it tends to start later in life. Patients with blepharitis can have underlying rosacea (a skin condition characterized with redness of the cheeks and telangiectasis of facial skin).

Symptoms

Dandruff-like scales along the base of the lashes and lid margins; foreign body sensation, burning, redness, dryness, excessive tearing, swelling and itching of the eyelids

Diagnosis

A slit-lamp examination is generally adequate to diagnose blepharitis in the clinic.

Treatment

Blepharitis is a chronic problem that can often be managed with eyelid care. It may require medication in some instances. Topical medications such as eye drops or ointments or antibiotics by mouth can be used in the treatment of this condition.