MBARARA UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
“If you can do one thing, help me retain my best and brightest.”
- Vice Chancellor Frederick Kayanja,
Mbarara University of Science & Technology
A landlocked nation framed by Lake Victoria to the south and ringed by mountains, Uganda’s lush equatorial plateau and wooded hills are broken occasionally by swampy lowlands and semi-arid regions. Uganda is neighbored by Kenya to the east, South Sudan to north, the Democratic Republic to the west, and to the south Rwanda and Tanzania. While English is the official language and the language of education, Uganda is a multilingual nation, home to 40 indigenous languages in addition to Swahili and several imported dialects.
Emerging from decades of civil war following its independence from Britain in 1962, Uganda has enjoyed a recent history of peace and steady economic growth. Despite the eighteen-year brutal insurgence of the Lord’s Resistance Army led by Joseph Kony that led to the displacement of almost 1.5 million people in northern Uganda, the country has been at peace since 2008. Although one of the poorest countries in Africa, Uganda has built one of the fastest growing economies in sub-Saharan Africa, bolstered by a period of peace and sound economic development policies. Economic growth, low inflation, and a steady reduction of poverty have made Uganda a stable center for a more troubled region, but a third of the population still lives on less than US $1.25 a day. Decimated by earlier civil war and handicapped by poverty, Uganda’s healthcare infrastructure has only recently begun to see improvement. Heavily impacted the HIV/AIDS epidemic (7.3% HIV prevalence), Uganda has been a major location for infectious disease-related global health activity.